Sample Lunch Plate
Courtesy Healthwise, Inc.

Diabetes: The Plate Format

For people living with diabetes it is important to keep blood sugar levels within a safe range. Carbohydrate is the nutrient that most affects blood sugar levels. Usually, the more carbohydrate eaten, the more the blood sugar rises. A plate format is a simple way to help people with diabetes plan a balanced diet.

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Carbohydrate, Fat and Diabetes

There are three main types of carbohydrate in food, starch, sugar and dietary fiber. Starch and sugar both raise blood glucose levels so it is important to include both types in your meal plan. Choose starchy foods that are high in fibre, such as whole grain cereals, flour and bread and peas and beans. Include a starchy food in each meal. Sweet foods are often high in fat. If you are going to eat sweet foods, try to eat less often and in smaller amounts.

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Healthy Food

Simple Strategies for Better Nutrition

Healthy eating is not about strict nutrition philosophies, staying unrealistically thin, or depriving yourself of the foods you love. It is about staying as healthy as possible. Choose the foods, which improve your health and help to prevent such conditions as cancer and diabetes.

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What is Diabetes?

Our bodies need energy to function. We get that energy from the food we eat. Our body breaks down the food we eat into glucose (sugar) to use for energy. Our body uses glucose as its main source of energy with the help of a hormone called insulin. Insulin is made by the pancreas, which is located between the stomach and the spine (see picture below, which shows the pancreas and nearby organs).

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Male Reproductive System

Prostate Cancer

The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system as shown on the right. The prostate makes a fluid that mixes with sperm and other fluids during ejaculation. A normal prostate is about the size of a nutmeg.

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Breast Cancer

The human breast is composed of milk producing sacs and channels which drain to the nipple. Breast cancer is an abnormal growth of cells within the breast and is referred to as a malignant tumor. Factors that contribute to the risk of developing breast cancer and the poorer outcomes of women with the disease are not completely understood.

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Trinidad & Tobago

Cancer in Trinidad & Tobago

Cancer, which represents a large and growing public health problem in the Republic of T&T is the second leading cause of death in the Republic T&T. From the 1990s approximately 54% of all deaths were from chronic diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, ischemic heart diseases, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases.

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